1. General Information
Re-established in summer of 2007, NGO Foundation for Constitutional Reforms (FCR) is a successor to the Russian Foundation for Constitutional Reforms (1992-1998). It's prime goal is to provide public contribution to the development of rule-of-law in the Russian Federation.
Lawyers of different generations are involved into Foundation projects, including those who were the members, experts and staff of the Constitutional Commission of the Russian Federation (1990-1993). Most of the staff are young lawyers — graduates and postgraduates of Lomonosov Moscow State University.
The primary line of FCR activity is to promote public support to the task of preservation and research of Russia’s constitutional heritage and assist in development of legal culture and constitutional consciousness.
The Foundation is also engaged in carrying out an independent political and legal research, advice on legislative activities.
Foundation founder and President is Oleg G. Rumyantsev, PhD – in 1990-1993 one of the key promoters of the new Constitution of Russia, Member of Supreme Soviet and Executive Secretary of the Constitutional Commission of Russia. Members of FCR Board are well-known Russian constitutionalists Vladimir Isakov, Vil Kikot, Vladimir Lafitsky, Leonid Mamut, Mihail Mitukov, Vladimir Pligin, Boris Strashun, Victor Sheynis, Leonid Volkov. Executive Director of FCR — Stanislav N. Stanskikh, Ph.D. Candidate.
The Foundation issues a «Constitutional Herald» – an independent magazine on the issues of Constitutionalism in Russia and the world (registered as RFCR edition in 1994). The magazine is set to continue the traditions of the same edition, published in 1990-1993 by the Constitutional Commission of the Russian Federation.
Web-sites: www.rfcr.ru; www.rumiantsev.ru
2. Project «The History of the Constitution of the Russian Federation»
Currently the Foundation is implementing big public project – publishing in 6 Volumes (in 10 books) «The History of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. Constitutional Commission: Minutes, Documents, Materials (1990 – 1993).Editor-in-Chief Oleg G. Rumyantsev. Moscow, Wolters Kluwer, 2007-2009».
The objective to preserve and popularize the materials relating to the work on the draft of the Constitution of the Russian Federation in the early 1990-es, as they have a high historic and social value.
These books will be, most probable, followed by Web Constitution Archives; and a DVD-set on «The History of the Constitution of the Russian Federation».
3. Project «International Research on the Implementation of the Russian Constitution»
The current Constitution of the Russian Federation was adopted. 15 years ago in a national referendum on 12 December 1993. A line was drawn under dramatic events associated with the constitutional reforms 1990-1993. The transition began from ideas about constitutionalism to the practice of implementing the Constitution. Positive and negative experiences have accumulated during this period connected with the way that the new Constitution actually «works». The task facing the expert community is to assess in an impartial and timely manner the potential and effectiveness of contemporary constitutional mechanisms and to examine the factors that have shaped the implementation of the Constitution’s principles and stipulations.
That is what a group of leading Russian and foreign experts tried to do within the framework of independent scholarly research conducted under the auspices of the International Institute of Global Development (IIGD) and Foundation of Constitutional Reforms.
The outcome is a complex study of constitutional realities based on a wide range of expert opinions, estimates and forecasts regarding perspectives for the development of Russian constitutionalism in the context of developments in world politics.
The experts examined, above all, the following questions: the Constitution and the socio-cultural background of the society – reality and perspectives; the Constitution and the realization of citizens« rights; the Constitution and authoritative institutions (including the elections), where the central problem is the separation of powers, the practice of constitutional justice, and local government; the Constitution and civil society – the social and “economic” constitution; and certain specific problems, notably federalism and globalization.
The work reflects the thinking of a broad range of contemporary constitutional thought by specialists from Russia, Europe (Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Spain) and America (the United States and Canada). The Russian authors include some of those who took a direct part in the elaboration and development of the draft Constitution of the Russian Federation in 1990-1993. The views of a new generation of scholars are also presented.
The authors are: S.A.Avakian, A.S.Avtonomov, M.Garsia Alvarez, N.A.Bogdanova, L.B.Volkov, G.A.Gadzhiev, A. Di Gregorio, A.V.Zuykov, M.A.Krasnov, B.I.Lafitski, L.S.Mamut, I.Marino, A.Nussberger, W.Pomeranz, O.G.Rumyantsev, R.Sakwa, P.Solomon, S.N.Stanskikh, B.A.Strashun, I.V.Sukhinina, V.E.Chirkin, V.L.Sheinis, L.F.Shevtsova.
The extended study is published in Konstitucionnyi Vestnik (Constitutional Herald) #19, December 2008.
4. List of Priority Draft-Laws
In Autumn 2007 FCR has been asked by Council of Federation Speaker Sergey Mironov to prepare a comprehensive “List of Priority Draft-Laws” for the new State Duma.
The work has been accomplished for the political party “Spravedlivaya Rossia”, one of the 4 parties represented in Duma.
The list consisted of 124 draft laws (concepts and preliminary texts).
1) International Institute of Global Development.
IIGD is a supranational social research institute. The president of IIGD is Alexander Lebedev, president of the National Investment Council; Chairman of the Board of Trustees is Mikhail S. Gorbachev; Chairman of the International Scientific Council of IIGD is R.S. Grinberg, Director of the Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, associate member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Director of the IIGD program “Development of rule-of law state and constitutional order” is O.G. Rumyantsev. The Foundation for Constitutional Reforms acts as the manager of this program.
2) Foundation of the First Russian President Boris Yeltsin
In August 2007 the Foundation signed a cooperation agreement with Boris Yeltsin Foundation.
Among several spheres of co-operation one should name drafting the Federal Law on Centers of Historical Heritage of the ex-RF Presidents.
3) State Archives of the Russian Federation
FCR has an Agreement with State Archives of the Russian Federation. Under this Agreement specialists of State Archives has assisted to FCR to systematize FCR Archives related with historical documents of the Russian constitutional reform of 1990-1993.
4) The Public Chamber of RF
FCR is one the winners of the tender on public research on Russian Constitutionalism modern history.
5) Wolters Kluwer Russia
It is the Russian subsidiary of Wolters Kluwer NV, a leading global information services and publishing company. The company provides products and services globally for professionals in the health, tax, accounting, corporate, financial services, legal, and regulatory sectors. Wolters Kluwer is headquartered in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. In Russia, Wolters Kluwer operates since 2003.